IoT Smart Greenhouse

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Shtaiwi, Ansam
Hamadneh, Donya
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Palestine is famous for agriculture, but it is limited to seasonal agriculture. It is clear that modern farming methods and smart greenhouses are widespread in the countries of the world, but they are not in Palestine yet, and therefore this project is intended for the farmers of Palestine. The smart greenhouse greatly helps farmers, as it saves them time and effort, and does not require labor, which reduces human effort. It also allows the cultivation of non-seasonal plants and provides all the conditions that the plant needs from soil moisture, temperature, air humidity and appropriate lighting intensity for each crop. The smart greenhouse saves water consumption and allows the farmer to supervise it from a distance. The advantage of the smart greenhouse is that it is not limited to farmers as it makes it easier for users to control crops even without high experience in farming. This project aims to facilitate farming for farmers so that they can choose the crop they want at any season they want, and determine the appropriate conditions for the crop, which will be provided automatically without wasting the farmer's fatigue or time and a lot of labor, and they can monitor the greenhouse condition directly or in any time. This project will help in the growth of the economy in Palestine in the agricultural field too. The smart greenhouse is designed to consist of two parts, the first part is the electrical circuits, where a complete and correct electrical circuit is connected to read the sensor values (soil moisture, air humidity, temperature, lighting intensity, water height level in the tank), and then based on the appropriate values And specified for temperature, humidity, lighting, and sensor values. Water pumps, fans, heating, lighting and ventilation devices are controlled to reach the appropriate conditions for a particular plant. The other part is a website that helps to control the greenhouse remotely, either manually or automatically. The Internet of things was used to connect the parts of the project completely. This project was presented before at the university, but our project will be distinguished from its predecessor by providing a ventilation system and warning when the water in the tank ends, as well as the ability to see the greenhouse information at an earlier time, and also provides fertilizers on a regular basis. The world lives in the age of speed, as the massive and rapid development has made the world a small village. All things that were previously impossible are now possible and even become a very natural thing in our lives. The development included smart devices in a large and recently extended to become a complete smart system such as a smart greenhouse. It is said about smart things when they can face problems without outside help and without needing anyone. A smart greenhouse is a greenhouse that contains sensors for temperature, soil moisture, air humidity, light intensity, and the percentage of water in the tank. Through the values of the sensors, commands are given to the cooling, heating, lighting and ventilation devices, and their mode of operation is determined so as to provide the specific and required conditions, all using the Internet of Things. This project is designed to benefit the Palestinian people in particular from other peoples due to the lack of similar projects. The goal is to help farmers, improve agricultural crops and save workers a lot of time and effort. It is a system that works automatically and manually controlling the plastic house through the website we designed so that the goal Including improving agricultural productivity by maintaining the appropriate atmosphere for each crop inside this plastic house. • In the future, the project can be developed better. It provides a digital image system based on artificial intelligence, displaying plants and crops, knowing the times of ripening and picking the fruits. • A special fertilization system can also be made, which can automatically know the percentage of fertilizer for each crop inside the fertilizer tank by measuring weight and knowing the volume of water. • We also hope that there will be a system to predict and treat diseases before the crop is damaged. We hope that the model will be implemented on the ground in Palestine.