Air Quality In City Center Jenin, Nablus, Tulkarim& Anza

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Montaser Mohammad Thafer
Hamza Faris Habash
Anas Bashar Mosleh
Sondos Rasheed Shebli
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Air pollution is a global problem that afflicts many regions around the world, and it is one of the problems that we are difficult to solve, but it is possible to reduce it and its sources to some extent. Many people around the world are dying due to air pollution, with an estimated 7 million people dying due to poor air quality Palestine is one of the countries that have not escaped this global problem, despite its small area and limited capacity, where some studies have found a noticeable pollution on air quality. City centers are witnessing a noticeable increase in air pollution rates, and perhaps the most prominent thing that affects the air quality in them is the high traffic congestion, as well as the population increase and its increase in movement and activities that negatively affect the air quality Perhaps the most prominent of these pollutants that affect air quality PM2.5 are very small particles circulating in the air, with a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or less, and have noticeable effects on human health, as they cause heart and respiratory diseases that may lead to death in some cases This project includes talk about air quality in West Bank cities, namely Jenin, Nablus and Tulkarm, as well as one of the villages that is Anza Village. In this project, we found PM2.5 values over 24 continuous days, using the AirU sensor, which measures the PM2.5 amount every minute and accurately After studying and analyzing the results, it became clear to us that the Jenin region is the most polluted area with PM2.5 particles, where the average percentage of these particles during the study period was 40.05 , followed by Nablus at a rate of 32.28 , followed by Tulkarm at a rate of 29.87 , followed by the village of Anza at a rate of 27.0 And after studying the effect of some weather factors and natural factors : wind speed, the effect of humidity, temperature, elevation of place and precipitation We get the following results about the Wind Speed, there is a direct relationship between it and the pollutant concentration, and the relationship is inverse As for relative humidity, there is a direct relationship between it and the pollutant concentration, And a positive relationship As for the region’s elevation , there is no relationship between it and the concentration of pollutants. Rather, it affects the difference in temperature day and night during the summer and winter. As a result, temperature has no clear relationship with the high or low concentration of pollutants As for the effect of rain, it was evident, as the rate of pollution on rainy days was less than on non-rainy days in the three cities