Stressors and Coping Strategies among General Secondary Students in Governmental Schools in North West Bank
منصور, خلود" محمد هاشم"
جامعة النجاح الوطنية
Introduction: Stress is considered one of the main parts of our modern life due to rapid changes in social, economic, political and cultural norms. Naturally, all humans cope with stressors by using productive and nonproductive coping strategies. This study is aimed at assessing stressors and coping strategies among general secondary students in governmental schools in the North West Bank. Method: A descriptive quantitative design was used to collect data from students from government secondary schools. A stratified random sampling method was used to select (39) schools followed by a simple random sampling method used to select (334) students. A self-reporting questionnaire, the Secondary School Stressor Questionnaire (3SQ), was used to collect data and identify stressors among secondary school students. Another self-reporting questionnaire, the Brief Coping Orientation of Problems Experienced (COPE) was used to identify methods in managing stress. Results: The rate of stress among females was higher than males (61.4%>38.6%), and it was higher among the humanities branch students than the scientific branch students (69.2%>30.8%) with no significant differences (P>0.05). The (ARS) was the main domain of stressors it was higher among female and the humanities branch students with significant differences (P<0.05). The useful ("problem-focused" and "emotion-focused") coping strategies were mostly used by students, and the "less useful" coping strategies were used a "little bit". The results of the study indicated that there were no significant differences in the prevalence of stress among Nablus students in relation to the time left for the exam (P>0.05), it also indicated that there were significant differences in (ARS) and (LTRS) when the time left for the exam is shorter (P<0.05). In both cases, the "problem-focused" and "emotion-focused" coping strategies were used a "lot" at both times. Conclusion: The study concluded that almost all of the students have different levels of stress with different effects. The (ARS) were the main domains of stressor. These stressors caused moderate level of stress among students. "Religion" and "Planning" were the coping strategies that were used most by students. It is the researcher’s recommendation that schools increase the role of psychological and educational counselors in schools to provide psychological support and debriefing for students, and to help them to decrease the negative effect of the Tawjihi exam when it cannot be eliminated.