DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF FDM PRINTER BY USING [X,Y] CORE MECHANISM FOR PRINTING ARCHITECTURAL MODELS
1. Sohaib, Zahran
2. Motasem, Daraghmi
3. Ibraheem, Abdo
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Additive Manufacturing (AM), is an appropriate name to describe the technologies that build 3D objects by adding layer-upon-layer of material, whether the material is plastic, metal, concrete or one day…..human tissue. Additive Manufacturing has numerous practical applications in aerospace, automotive, biomedical and architecture, in this project we will focus on printing architectural models as a one of most prominent application for Additive Manufacturing. 3D printing architectural models produces high-quality, detailed architectural models with low cost and it reduce leading time. In Our project we will compare between major methods of Additive Manufacturing there are three major additive manufacturing 3D printing methods: Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM), Laser Sintering Platform and Objet. In our project we will focus on FDM technology. FDM printers are becoming more frequent in everyday use. Fused deposition modelling printing melts the printing material and extrudes it through a nozzle. The material is laid out in a layer by layer fashion until the object is completed printing. Two common types of filament used in FDM printing are Polylactic Acid (PLA) and Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS). Some properties that can change the strength of 3D printed piece are things such as infill percentage, layer height, print orientation, extruding temperature, and build speed to name a few. Infill percentage and print orientation were tested to determine the mechanical strength of the material. In The second part we will build the selected 3D-Printer machine, most of machine’s components will be imported from the outside, such as extruder, controller and the structure of the machine. For Software and modelling we will design by using the solid work program and convert it to STL file after that upload the file to the 3D-Printer machine to have a final product with good surface finish and little material waste. The last part is the biggest challenge, how to calibrate the parameters of the 3D-Printer machine. It expected to work in normal consumer segment, as students, and business segment, like designing companies.