- ItemReinstating Oscar Wilde within the Literary Canon of Post Modernity: Re-visioning Salome(2012-05-05) Dr. Mahmoud Arjoon
Oscar Wilde has always been a paradigm of opposites and contradictoriness and far beyond his literary age as far as his narratology goes. Drawing reflective sustenance from Pater and Ruskin, he moved much beyond the Victorian aesthetics into the fractured dichotomies of post-modernist functionalities and inter-texualities. Be it his first volume of poems (1881) or his first play Vera (1883) or the fairy tales (1888)or his only novel The Picture of Dorian Gray he showed a predilection for varied forms and structures disregarding the usual determinants of generic affiliation. In Salome (1893) Wilde chose to exploit a Biblical legend without dwelling on the Christian nuances and connotations and instills into the story an avant-garde and asocial viewpoint typical of his own bohemian lifestyle recasting and re-visioning the pristine tale into a modernist exposition of repressed psychological desires. The paper proposes to analyze the verbal arabesques of Salome's speeches to investigate her inexorable capacity to fly into surrealistic distortions evincing her own fractured selfhood verging on the mythically demonic, transcending the spatio-temporality of human circumstances, creating an exclusivity of being and becoming.
- ItemThe Adventures of Kirby Allbee in Saul Bellow’s The Victim(2012-05-05) Dr. Jamal Assadi
With the appearance of Ravelstein, Bellow’s most recent novel, we again encounter a familiar character in Chick, who, in more ways than one, functions as a “mentor”, a “brain truster”, a “reality instructor” or a “Machiavellian”, thereby indicating a trend and a tradition in Bellow’s fiction. Despite individual differences, these figures are often presented as actors replete with constantly changing situations, schemes, plots strategies and roles, who through the power of words, try to reinterpret reality and to convince themselves and others to accept their revision of it. However, it is in the nature of such characters to pretend they are good actors; each endorses a conception of life that relies on a strong belief confirming that there are solid systems, rules, codes and values that underlie all social and cultural practices. One of the pioneers of such figures is Kirby Allbee, whose conduct (associated with strong sense of acting) savours of possession and exorcism.
He is both a Jinni who haunts the soul of Asa Leventhal, the protagonist of the novel, and, in consequence, accelerates his deterioration and confusion, and paradoxically the exorcist who helps Asa regain his spirit and expel the devil. While this paper closely examines the roles of Kirby Allbee, his impact on Asa Leventhal and on the narrative aspect, it aims to present Allbee as a typical representative of such figures and, hence, to call for a deeper examination of the tradition.
- ItemSymbolic Implications of the Moon and Sky in Coleridge’s Poems with Special Reference to “Dejection: An Ode” and the Trio(2012-05-05) Dr.Mutasem Tawfiq Al-Khader
This study explores the fundamental associations and symbolic implications of images of the moon and sky in Coleridge’s poems, particularly “Dejection: An Ode” and the Trio. Images of the moon in Coleridge’s poetry, particularly in “Dejection” and the Trio, are used to reflect the poet’s two ambivalent spiritual states, that is, dejection and gladness, which are manifestations of the poet’s sterility and creativity, respectively. Images of the moon and the sky are taken from observable nature, but Coleridge connects them with the poet’s inner self. These images are also used to form beautiful, romantic natural scenery. In addition, Coleridge links the image of the hidden and half-hidden moon with either of his two spiritual states, depending on the context. In contrast, he connects the image of the sky with happiness and fruitful contact with nature, which fulfills his poetic vision and inspiration.
- ItemDifficulties and Problems that Face English Students of Al Quds Open University in Scientific Translation process from English to Arabic and Vice Versa and the solutions for the Same(2012-05-05) Unknown
The study aims at exploring the difficulties that face the students of Al Quds Open University in Scientific translation process from English to Arabic and vice versa. The researcher attempted to find suitable solutions for such difficulties and problems. The researcher will follow an experimental descriptive method in the study. He also will design a test in order to explore the difficulties and problems that face such students. The test will be composed of four questions. Such study will be applied on English students of Al Quds Open University in Gaza Region during the second course of the academic year 2011/2012 . The researcher will choose and select a random sample of students. The researcher will follow a suitable statistical methods for such study. At the end of the study ,the researcher will adopt a group recommendations and suggestion.
- ItemStudents' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Using Non-Traditional Techniques to Improve Oral Communication Skills(2012-05-05) Dr.Khaled A.Dweikat; Dr.Fayez T. Aqel
Speaking is considered a major skill of any language. Some linguists, in this regard, define language as nothing but a system of vocal symbols used to communicate ideas and thoughts among the members of a certain social society. This shows that language is mainly an oral activity and writing is considered a secondary system derived form the spoken language. As a result, students who learn English either as a foreign or a second language should be encouraged to speak the language to a certain extent that enables them to communicate with other speakers of the language. To produce students who are proficient in a foreign language, educators should ensure that their students are participating in a variety of performance-based tasks based upon authentic use of language for communication (Fuller, 2011). Foreign language teachers, then, should design assessment practices using a variety of communicative contexts, thus providing a way to document students’ progress in language ability as they continue in a foreign language program of study. Moreover, students who study English either as a foreign language or a second language are assumed to be provided with more and more opportunities to practice oral communication skills inside and outside the classroom in natural and meaningful situations. This can be done by using different types of activities and practices that motivate the students to use the language naturally and purposefully in meaningful situations. Contextualization of language, in this regard, has been shown to increase students’ motivation, engagement in learning, the amount of information learned, and their self-perception of competence in the target language (Cordova & Lepper, 1996). Based on this assumption, students' perspectives should be investigated and taken into account when they are involved in the teaching –learning process especially at higher education levels as they represent the first beneficiaries of the teaching-learning process. Moreover, university students are to be given more chances to actively participate in selecting some teaching materials which are hoped to suit their needs and interests especially when talking about learning languages and English in particular. Undoubtedly, students nowadays seem to be mature enough and more self –confident to give their own opinions as they are open to various types of technological advancements including computers, the Internet, social networks, YouTubes, up-to-date mobiles, high-technology ….etc.
Students who are registered in the so-called Oral Communication Course were involved in various types of activities, such as presentations, games, YouTube materials, acting, puzzles, poetry recitation, summaries, jokes, dramatization, improvisation, PowerPoint presentations and so on. Oral Communication course plan includes different forms of evaluation procedures such as writing exams based on language use activities and situations, in-class participation and oral presentations, oral exam, on-going assessment, fluency-based observation and so on.