PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS OF POST-PARTUM ANXIETY SYMPTOMS AMONG PALESTINIAN WOMEN
جامعة النجاح الوطنية
Background Over 20% of women are estimated to develop a mental disorder during pregnancy and/or for up to a year postpartum, with anxiety and depression being the most common co-morbidities. Postpartum anxiety is less well studied than postpartum depression in terms of prevalence and risk factors. Suffering from severe postpartum anxiety can put a strain on maternal neglect and disrupt the mother-infant relationship. Objective: The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence and associated factors of postpartum anxiety symptoms among Palestinian women. Setting: This study was conducted in Salfit and Nablus at governmental primary health care clinics affiliated with the Palestinian Ministry of Health. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional design was utilized on a nonprobability convenience sample. A total of 510 mothers with one healthy baby (0 to 6 months) completed socio-demographic and obstetrics characteristic questionnaire along with Postpartum Specific Anxiety Scale (PSAS). Results: The majority of women reached postsecondary education (bachelor's degree 58%). The highest percentage of participants (42 %) were between the ages of 26 and 32 years. The majority of participants (81.4%) were unemployed. Although 63% of the participants planned their pregnancy, 36.9% did not. Despite 92% did not report any complications after childbirth and 60% had a normal delivery, but unfortunately, 36.3% of them did not follow up postpartum care at local clinic. Only (44.3%) of the participants reported that the feeding type was natural breastfeeding. Most of mothers (89.2%) had no feeding difficulties. The findings revealed that (91.6%) received support from their husbands. And, (85.7%) received support from other source. The total number of post-partum women who suffer from postpartum anxiety was 59 out of 510 (11.6%) according to the total score of PSAS. Conclusion: The results showed a slight variation in the proportions of anxiety according to the demographic variables and characteristics of the women in postpartum period, but these differences had no statistically significance. Only three factors were significant predictors of postpartum anxiety including feeding difficulties, presence of emotional support from husband and presence of emotional support from other source.
Prevalence, Postpartum Anxiety, Risk Factors, Mental Health, Palestine