Development of a Conceptual Framework for Occupational Safety and Health in Palestinian Manufacturing Industries

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Tuhul, Hanan
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ِAn-Najah National University
The annual increase in the number of occupational accidents and diseases in Palestinian manufacturing industries confirms a serious problem that threatens the safety and health of workers in the workplace. This study aims to analyze occupational safety and health (OSH) in the Palestinian industrial sectors in order to develop an OSH framework that is capable of effectively implementing the OSH law to reduce occupational accidents and diseases in the future. The study also aims at finding the different OSH rates using US-OSHA and EU-OSHA equations based on real statistics. To achieve these goals and others, this thesis adopted the mixed method methodology, where seven semi-structured interviews were conducted and two structured questionnaires were designed. The results of the study revealed that about 61.0% of industry workers are exposed to work risk, 32.0% have experienced occupational accidents, while 9.0% suffer from occupational diseases. The average injury rate that amounted to (7,566) per 100,000 workers indicates a poor OSH level in the Palestinian manufacturing industries. On the other hand, the results of the Safety Performance Factor's (SPF) ‎calculations confirmed that the leather sector is the most dangerous ‎sector with an average of 145.6 off days/accident, while the Frequency ‎Severity Index (FSI) stresses the seriousness of the metal industry ‎sector with respect to the severity and frequency of these accidents with ‎an average of 3.8.‎ Accordingly, this thesis presents the development of an outstanding conceptual OSH framework based ‎on safety and sustainable development pillars so as to; assure effective ‎enforcement of the OSH law, and to prevent future occupational ‎accidents and diseases.‎ Finally, this thesis is a great contribution to the OSH entities, literature reviews, and researchers. At the same time, this thesis provides important information and important results to support and promote essential future research in OSH disciplines.  
Occupational Safety