FISHING PORT DESIGN
ABDEL ALRAHMAN, WALEED
The role of the ﬁshing port may be considered as the interface between the netting of ﬁsh and its consumption. In many cases, the ﬁshing harbour is also the focal point of pollution, both of the surrounding environment and the ﬁshery products it produces. Many ﬁshing harbours are also the source of major impacts on the physical and biological coastal environment. Although the bulk of ﬁsh landed in ﬁshing harbours in developing countries is destined for the local markets, it is every country’s wish to improve the health hazard-free quality of its landed catch in order to increase exports of seafood products to more lucrative overseas markets. In the not-too-distant future, the growth in local consumer rights advocacy will also increase demand for health hazard-free ﬁsh. In today’s world of increased environmental awareness, a ﬁshing port must be planned, designed and managed in harmony with both the physical and biological coastal environments. At each stage of the process, whether it is planning, design or management, both technical and non-technical persons become involved in the process. Within government departments, whether they be technical (ﬁsheries or public works) or non-technical (budget or ﬁnance), it is not uncommon for non-technical persons to affect the outcome of technical decisions. Fisheries Departments worldwide generally have to manage and maintain harbours and landing places using non-engineering civil servants. The following manual was produced in order to tackle ﬁshing harbours in a holistic approach. This manual is useful to both technical and non-technical planners, both at national government level and at departmental level. It provides non-engineering staff within such departments with enough technical knowledge to better understand certain basic design requirements, which could otherwise be interpreted as superﬂuous and not cost effective. The manual is of particular use to local independent consulting engineers and architects with no ports or ﬁsheries experience involved in the design of locally tendered projects for the various international funding agencies. To technical staff of such ﬁrms, it provides a handy reference and the means for integrating Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) and European Union Directive recommendations on hazard-free seafood directly into the ﬁshing port’s design. The ﬁshing industry as a whole can ill-afford the economic losses from lower prices received for contaminated ﬁsh. Recent European Union rulings have even gone one step further by banning outright all ﬁsh imports from certain countries.