A Review of Omer Ibn Al-Khattab's Legal Policy

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Mohammed Tawfiq Soleyman Mosa
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This study included taking about the meaning of the judiciary and deliverance of, the difference between them, the importance of the judiciary independence and the conditions of the judge and his properties in general. Then it removed to talk particularly about Al-Faruq (may God be pleased with him) and his judgment during Pre-Islam and Islam including The prophet (peace be upon him) era, Abu Baker era and his era and his methods in judiciary. Then I followed it with study about the bases of Al-Faruq judgment and example of it. I concluded the research with a final chapter about claim source and evidence through Omer letter (may God be pleased with him) to Abu Mosa Al-A'sh'ari which included talking about testimony, oath, Al-qasaama (an oath given by fifty men when a man is found killed in their neighborhood that they didn't kill him) and the judge refract of his verdict and what result from it.
تناولت في هذه الدراسة الحديث عن معنى القضاء والإفتاء والفرق بينهما، وأهمية تولي القضاء وشروط القاضي وصفاته بشكل عام، ثم انتقلت للحديث بشكل خاص عن الفاروق رضي الله عنه، وقضائه في الجاهلية والإسلام شاملة عصر الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم وأبي بكر وعهد عمر نفسه ومنهجه في القضاء، ثم اتبعت ذلك بدراسة عن أسس قضاء الفاروق رضي الله عنه ومجالات قضائه وأمثلة منه، وختمت البحث بفصل أخير عن أصول الدعوى والبينات من خلال كتاب عمر إلى أبي موسى الأشعري رضي الله عنهما، وفيه الحديث عن الشهادة واليمين والقسامة والإقرار ورجوع القاضي عن اجتهاده وما يترتب على ذلك.