Feasibility Analysis for Establishing WtE Plant in Zahrat Al-Finjan landfill - Jenin.
The utilization of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) for energy production has been implemented globally for many decades. Palestine, however, is still dependent on landfills for only disposing of the generated MSW. Furthermore, the growing threat of energy insecurity and the inability to control the disposing of generated MSW properly can be reduced through the renewable and continuous provision of energy, where generated electrical energy from MSW will strongly achieve this purpose. Among the different alternatives for securing national energy sources, energy waste seems to be beneficial in providing energy and helps in reducing generated MSW quantities and their corresponding negative environmental consequences at the same time. In this research, the feasibility analysis was conducted for establishing WtE incineration and landfilling plant as a supposed MSW treatment method in the West Bank-Jenin government. Changes in waste generation quantities and waste composition as a result of the recycling process were also considered. Each method looked at the potential of producing electricity from a specific MSW capacity and consequently the related calculation of profitability factors. The first scenario involves treating 1200 daily tons of MSW, whereas the second and third scenarios involve treating 974 and 1148 daily tons of MSW, respectively, as a result of including the sorting process for extracting valuable waste composition such as plastic, metals, and glass in the second scenario and extracting valuable metals and glass only in the third scenario, before being incinerated. The results revealed that there is a distinction between the two suggested technologies in terms of initial investment cost, the potential of produced electrical energy, and resulting profitability factors. However, the amount of total produced electrical energy that could be obtained from the two WtE technologies is as follows: 1 GWh from the LFGtE plant, 10 GWh from the first scenario of incineration, and 6, and 10 GWh from the second and third scenarios of incineration, respectively. Furthermore, economic profitability factors NPV, LCOE, and IRR are 26 million dollars, 0.1065 USD/kWh, and 54%, respectively, for the LFGtE plant. That is 95 million dollars, 0.0883 USD/kWh, and 35% for the first incineration scenario. Whereas 40 million dollars, 0.1044 USD/kWh, and 25% and 132 million dollars, 0.0723 USD/kWh, and 51%, respectively, for the second and third incineration scenarios.