Evaluation of the use of pyrolysis technology for used car dash panel and environmental improvement in Palestine

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• Yazan Yousef Atatri
• Mahmoud Zahi Khateeb
• Ramiz Basheer AlBzour
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Palestine is completely dependent on the occupation as a source of energy due to the political conditions and the geographical area of the lack of oil resources and the complete control of the occupier over any source from which it can produce energy. Recently, Palestine has turned to alternative energy sources such as solar energy or recycled energy, which achieve two important goals for optimal use of energy and environment-friendliness instead of total dependence on fossil fuels, as energy is one of the most expensive commodities in Palestine compared to neighboring regions. The pyrolysis process has been studied for several materials such as (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, polyethylene, polypropylene, and polyvinyl chloride). Scrap cars in Palestine the market shows that this part is disposed of in wrong ways and is harmful to the environment such as direct burning in the atmosphere which leads to an increase in harmful emissions into the atmosphere. Through this study, it was found that these materials are very rich in oil resulting from the pyrolysis process of the dash panel that was cut and samples were taken from two companies x and y, where two samples from the company x contain the first (x1) polyvinyl chloride, and the second (x2) polypropylene with threads and the sample of y company contains polypropylene was burned without the presence of oxygen, which gave good quantities of oil produced from the process, produced through pyrolysis of a sample of y company and produced oil by (75%) and solid by (21.17%) and produced the x2 sample by percentage (68%) and solid (15.31%). As for the x1 sample, the results were different. When pyrolysis was done, a very black gas was produced that did not condense and solid product (14.33%).