WASTE TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGY FOR THE DESALINATION OF WATER: GAZA STRIP AS A CASE STUDY
ABU HATAB, ALA’A
AL SADDER, AYA
ABSTRACT This research aims to shed light on the most important problems faced by the world in this modern era. Municipal solid waste management and water shortages are notorious for being two of the main obstacles of development around the world. In a place that has been anguished by war and occupation for so long, such problems are an integrated part of the region that hinders the development process there. Gaza strip is such a place that suffers from the major drawbacks that occur from these problems. This research has been conducted to review methods in which the aforementioned problems can be mitigated and possibly solved. Types and alternatives of waste to energy technologies, cogeneration plants and derived desalination units have been studied, while analyzing their variables and parameters accordingly. A comparison has been made as well, to find the most effective combination of these three components, which yields the highest efficiency of the overall project. After determining a WtE technology to be followed, other components of the project were studied. An environmental review of the project was conducted in order to find the major environmental impacts of the project. Then, centralized and decentralized scenarios were compared on different parameters. Then, a timeline of the project is suggested for the flow of work of the project. Finally, a conclusion as well as recommendation for further studies have been made. After conducting the required calculations, it was found that centralized plants are generally 30% less costly than decentralized plants. Additionally, the IRR of the project was -5% and the levelized cost of water is 4NIS/m3.