SUSTAINABLE DESIGN MODEL FOR RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOODS ASSESSMENT: THE CASE OF NABLUS CITY

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Date
2024-06-11
Authors
Enab, Diana
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An-Najah National University
Abstract
The sustainable urban design of residential neighborhoods plays an important role in the efforts to achieve the sustainable development goals and alleviate the effects of climate change. This thesis aims to develop an assessment model for the sustainable urban design of local residential neighborhoods, which is missing on the local practice. The model is built on various international neighborhood sustainability assessment (NSA) tools, based on the review of existing assessment tools, to study the sustainability status of Palestinian neighborhoods, and to develop a sustainable indicator model for local sustainable neighborhood assessment. Two neighborhoods are compared according to their location and planning condition; Al-Mreij & Al Masaken. Computer tools like Urbano and GIS tools as well as qualitative assessment methods are used. Results from the case study showed that the location and the planning condition affect the sustainability level of each neighborhood, evident through the count of strengths and weaknesses. The western location of Al-Mreij raised the potential for job opportunities, and the peripheral location of Al-Masaken raised its exposure to unsafety. Equally important is the pattern of planning, which influence indicators of Walkable streets and Access to quality transit in both neighborhoods. Moreover, the assessment of measured indicators found that some indicators from the (NSA) tools were partially or completely met, and some gaps appeared because of the lack of strengths in the selected indicators of the international tools when used for local social, ecological and governmental aspects, and there are issues in the inclusion of economic and environmental elements in current urban configurations. The proposed local model offers valuable insights for local governments, municipalities, and construction developers.
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