Anxiety and Depression Symptoms among Pregnant Women via In Vitro Fertilization Compared with Naturally Pregnant Women Referred to Antenatal Clinics: A Comparative Study
An-Najah National University
Introduction: Pregnancy is considered a critical period in a woman’s life. During this period, the woman experiences massive hormonal fluctuations, thus affecting her life physically, socially and psychologically. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess levels of anxiety and depression among pregnant women via In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in infertility centers during the three trimesters of pregnancy and compare them with naturally pregnant women referred to the antenatal clinics. Method: A descriptive comparative design was used to collect data from the pregnant women who visited all private infertility centers and all Palestinian Ministry of Health (MOH)’s antenatal clinics in the West Bank. Result: The findings have showed that pregnant women via IVF were more likely to experience anxiety and depression symptoms than naturally pregnant women (11 and 4.2 times, respectively) with significant differences (P: 0.00 and P: 0.021, respectively). In addition, the findings have also showed that pregnant women via IVF were 14 times more likely to have anxiety or depression symptoms than naturally pregnant women with significant differences (P: 0.000).
Pregnancy , Infertility , In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) , Anxiety , Depression