Prevalence of Antenatal Depression Symptoms in Primary Health Care Centers in Nablus Governorate
Saeed Abd Al Rahman, Sawsan
An Najah National University
Background: Antenatal depression is a depression that exists during the mother's pregnancy period. It has major and important negative effects for the well-being and health of mothers, babies and their families. Estimated 10% to 20% of the pregnant women in the world are affected by antenatal depression. Many factors are believed to be linked with antenatal depressive disorders such as past obstetric complications, lack of husband support, previous abortion, financial difficulties and unplanned pregnancy. Moreover, poor or lack antenatal care, chronic medical diseases and past psychiatric disorders have been recorded. Aim: The study aims to determine the prevalence of antenatal depression symptoms in governmental primary health care centers in Nablus governorate. Method: A quantitative, descriptive, cross sectional study design was used in this study. The sample consist of 343 pregnant women. A convenience sampling technique was used in this study. Self-administered questionnaire and Second Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI-II) scale were introduced in the present study for data collection. Results: Most of the study participants living now in the village (62.4%) and the majority of the participants were married (99.4%). The results showed that 63.6% of participants were in the third trimester and 7.3% suffering from complications during this pregnancy. However, 41.1% of the participants were feeling constant stress during pregnancy and some of the participants suffering from family conflicts (16.0%). About one third (32.7%) of participants were exposed to violence from husband. On the other hands, according to the results that there is low score of depression levels among the participants (26.08%) and about half of participants (47.2%) have minimal depression, while 19.8% of them have mild depression, 19.3% of them have moderate depression and 13.7% of them have severe depression. Finally, the results showed that there is relation between depression levels and age group, level of education, place of residency, smoking, a family history, the number of gravidity & parities, suffering from any complications during previous pregnancies and husbands support (P<0.05). Conclusion: Depression levels among pregnant women is low score of the minimal depression and few percentages have severe depression. Also, depression levels associated with age, level of education, place of residency, smoking, a family history, the number of gravidity & parities, suffering from any complications during previous pregnancies and husband’s support.
Prevalence , antenatal depression , primary health care centers , Nablus governorate, Palestine