A site selection study for Renewable Energy in Palestine – West Bank
Abstract Renewable energy is the key term for the energy industry sector in the world recently. Palestine has good potential for multiple renewable energy applications at different locations, with acceptable climate conditions. The purpose of this study was to assess potential sites for solar photovoltaic systems, concentrated solar power systems, and wind farms in the West Bank. The study was based on Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM). Various datasets from Geomolg, Global Solar Atlas, Global Wind Atlas, and Palestine Energy Transmission Company Ltd (PETL) have been used for the analysis. Firstly, the criteria for each application were identified and weighted according to the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Then, different data were excluded from the study area as they are unsuitable locations. The most critical layers for photoelectric systems, concentrated solar systems, and wind turbines were the proximity to the electrical connection points, the land’s slope, and the average annual wind speed, respectively. Finally, all the layers resulted from steps one and two were multiplied together to produce the final suitability map for each application in the study area. The results of the study depend on two scenarios, the first scenario if the area C is considered in the study area, the areas classified as highly suitable for PV, CSP, and wind turbines were 14.27,13.63 and 7.56 km2 respectively. The excluded areas accounted for 67% of the study area for PV and CSP systems, and 42% for Wind systems. The Second scenario is excluding area C, the highly suitable areas were 2.47, 2.81, and 4.1 km2, respectively, accounting to around 93% of the study area were excluded for PV and CSP systems, and 81% for Wind systems. each application had different suitable locations scattered across the West Bank, but only Hebron and Jenin have high suitability locations for the three applications located in areas A and B. Using only 30% of the suitable lands for PV or CSP in each governorate will cover its total energy purchases per year, which is a promising percentage since the numbers are related to high and moderate suitable lands and so they have the highest ranks in the scale. The top-ranked locations according to our scale are a piece of land in Tulkarem, Ramin for PV system with a total annual production of 47.87 GWh, in Hebron, Al-Samu’ for CSP system with a total production of 26.92 GWh per year, and finally in Nablus, Aqarba for Wind systems with a total annual production of 0.00039 GWh/m2.