Assessing Sustainable Human Resource Management Practices in the Educational Sector: An Exploratory Study

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Boulad, Aziza Yousef
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جامعة النجاح الوطنية
This study aims to identify the best practices of Sustainable Human Resources Management (SHRM) in the West Bank for elementary stage (Grades 1 to 4 in Governmental, UNRWA, and Private) schools from the perspective of the school’s principals. A research framework was conceptualized via reviewing related literature and experts opinions in the design process.Quantitative and qualitative research methods were used to answer the research questions and to test hypotheses. A qualitative data which explores the status of SHRM system in the West Bank was derived by an exploratory in depth semi-structured interviews with educational supervisors, and Ministry of Education representatives. Furthermore, quantitative data which are related to the factors that influence SHRM practices were collected via structured questionnaire which was distributed to a random sample (n=300) of elementary schools principals of Governmental, UNRWA, Private schools in the West Bank governorates. Statistical analysis shows that strategic directions, human resource management, human resource planning, sociological practices - teachers’ development, physiological practices, and green perspective are significantly and positively related to SHRM practices in West Bank education sector. On the other hand, interviews results show that the Ministry of Higher Education, and private schools are committed to support SHRM system adoption in their schools. In addition, the results showthat SHRMpractices are commonly used in the education sector. Based on the research findings, it was recommended that the Ministry of Education and Higher Education must redefine the definition of HRM in proportion to the reality of the Palestinian education sector. Also, it must use all practices that can improve the education sector, and employ qualified teachers who have a good attitude towards the use of HRM practices. In addition, to allocating a portion of their budgets to provide HRM practices to increase teacher development, motivate trainees and involve them in the decision-making process, increasing their commitment to HRM practices. Through the use of environmental standards, and to increase teachers' awareness of the education sector environment through the use of training and development.