Burnout amongst Governmental Mental Health Professionals in West Bank, Palestine
Abul-Hawa, Niveen Maher
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Burnout in general is a gradual process of feeling the loss of motivation and energy to deal with daily issues that occurs over an extended period of time, where it might effects on the mental, social, or physical well-being, and reduces the productivity. Purpose: This study aims to assess the level of Burnout amongst mental health Professionals in the West Bank governmental mental health workplaces, to investigate Burnout presence and the significant differences between the Burnout level on the three dimensions of emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP), and personal accomplishment (PA) with the socio- demographic factors. Methods: This cross – sectional study is utilizing a socio-demographic sheet and (MBI-HSS) to investigate the presence and level of Burnout, in addition to the significant difference between the independent variables (socio-demographic factors) and dependent variables (the level of Burnout on EE, DP, & PA) amongst a convenient sample of 149 mental health workers that include: Psychologists, Psychiatrists, Social Workers, Psychiatric nurses, or occupational therapists who are working in the governmental mental health workplaces in the West Bank, in the middle region (Ramallah, Jericho), south region (Bethlehem, Hebron),and north region (Tubas, Qalqilia, Tulkarm, Jenin, Salfit, and Nablus) . The 138 valid questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS version 20. One way ANOVA test is used to analyze groups which contain more than two socio-demographic variables such as age, marital status, workplace location, educational level, years of experience, and specialty, while an independent t- test is used to analyze socio-demographic groups which contain two variables such as gender, and monthly income. Results: Moderate level of Burnout on EE and DP, while nearly moderate on PA. Professionals have reported the mostly high level on (EE) (37%), low level on (PA) (47%), and low level on (DP) (51%). Tests showed significant differences on the three subscales due to marital status, specialization, gender, and age. Conclusion: The lack of resources along with the high demand impulse Burnout in the WB mental health workplaces. This study recommends future research to investigate the reasons behind the Burnout prevalence amongst the mental health professionals who work in the governmental mental health workplaces in the West Bank.