Adopting BIM in Palestinian Construction Projects using ADKAR as an Integrative Model of Change Management
The aim of this research is to examine the BIM status in the West Bank construction projects after introducing its application advantages. Additionally, it utilizes change management and inspects some hypothesis to increase BIM adoption using ADKAR model of change as a framework to replace the traditional engineering methods of work into modern processes in different engineering fields. The buildings sector is considered a major branch of the construction industry, which is primarily the main economical part of any country. Therefore, developing this sector will definitely result in improving the whole country. One of the main engineering processes that enhances the buildings sector is the Building Information Modeling (BIM) used worldwide. The process of BIM adoption will develop the engineering procedure of work for the construction projects to be constructed with the required quality at the minimum cost and least duration. The researcher studied several related books and researches to enlarge his vision, knowledge and information for the purpose of successfully completing this thesis. Furthermore, interviews with eight major organizations and 242 filled questionnaires from engineering and contracting companies with different specialties added to clearly reach the required research objectives. It was concluded that the ADKAR components: Awareness, Desire, Knowledge, Ability, and Reinforcement with the exception of Ability in adopting BIM for Civil and Architectural specialties, seemed to be higher in percentage than in Mechanical and Electrical fields. It was noticeable that all fields lack the Ability to implement BIM in real construction projects. Furthermore, adopting BIM in the West Bank construction projects were more effective for higher educational degrees, lower years of experience, smaller size companies, and Architects and Civil engineers. Luckily, and after collecting the needed data and analyzing the qualitative and quantitative results, a framework was established for different engineering fields such as: Architectural, Civil, Mechanical, and Electrical specializations. The framework supports BIM application with the help of Government and its organizations to engage all stakeholders including the owner, to successfully approve BIM adoption in building projects. This study adds a contribution to the buildings sector by applying ADKAR change management model in the BIM adoption process for the first time in literature. In conclusion, the researcher recommends adopting BIM in the developing countries, as well as in other regions possible for their construction projects.