Assessment of Monitoring and Evaluation Process for Governmental Construction Projects in the West Bank
العيسة, عبد الرحمن حسني
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The problem of delaying in the construction industry is a global phenomenon, and the construction projects in governmental construction industry in the West Bank have no exception. The goal of all parties involved in construction projects (owners, engineers, consultants, contractors, etc) is to complete the project on exact time, within dedicated budget, with quality on successful way, accurate results and outputs. Governmental construction projects in the West Bank are mainly and frequently influenced by all success and/or failure factors that should be monitored and evaluated because these factors either help the projects to reach goals or postpone completion. The purpose of this research is to assess the monitoring and evaluation process for success or failure factors which can help the projects to reach exact goals at the right time and greater efficiency. This research suggests the most important elements of monitoring and evaluation process that should be assessed and checked. The availability of this process on these elements related to all aspects of construction projects as (client, contractor, consultant,.. etc), and according to literature and all construction projects parties of success or failure factors, and hence assessed the monitoring and evaluation process for these factors. To determine the existence of monitoring and evaluation which were most influential to success construction projects. To achieve the purpose, this research uses a comprehensive literature review in order to design a questionnaire to assess, monitoring , evaluating and to obtain a full investigation on success and failure factors of governmental construction projects in West Bank. Accordingly ranking the most prominent factors on the monitoring and evaluation process. A specific survey was distributed among owners, contractors and engineers in order to assess and examine the M&E process which covered the most important factors that should be monitored and evaluated. In addition, general survey was distributed to assess the availability of M&E process for main construction projects parameters and to examine the satisfactory of main parameters of M&E that implemented on construction projects in the west bank. A consensus of expert opinion using Delphi methodology was used to conduct that exam or check. Data was collected and evaluated by statistical methods in order to assess the monitoring and evaluation process for all success and failure factors, measure the strength and direction of monitoring, evaluate the governmental construction projects in the west bank, and to evaluate the influence of these success and failure factors on performance of construction project. A one and two way analysis of variance (ANOVA) has been used to examine how groups evaluated the influence of all related success and failure factors of construction projects. Finally, the Delphi method using consensus from experts was employed in order to identify satisfactory and availability on monitoring and evaluation process for final assessing governmental construction projects in West Bank monitoring and evaluating. This study employed a descriptive survey research design. The targeted population was 300 respondents and numerical data collected using questionnaires was coded , entered the computer and analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) version 21 software program. Data collected was analyzed and interpreted. The findings of the study (in relation to the first objective) revealed that the level of training on M & E was of central importance to the performance of M & E public projects. However, the second objective revealed that there was a high correlation between influence of training and performance of monitoring and evaluation, influence of costs , high correlation between performance of monitoring and evaluation, and high correlation between influence of time and Performance of monitoring and high correlation between evaluation and influence of strength of monitoring team. The study results also revealed that M & E is important for success of any project, yet, most government projects have not been able to adopt it effectively.