Basing Palestinian Social Policy on Human Development and Welfare Mix
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As Palestine goes through a transitional period towards establishing the state of Palestine, the Palestinian leadership is requested to work on two simultaneous goals; first runs a governance process that serves the people's wellbeing during the transitional period and second successfully lays the foundations for the coming state. These two goals have a dialectical relation and should be addressed in a way that gives full attention to each of them as if the other is fully achieved; work for people's wellbeing as if having a state and work for building the aspired state as if people's wellbeing is achieved. The success of this process is, to a large extent, determined by the social policy adopted by the Palestinian National Authority. The overall social policy and the derived sectorial and localized social policies in different aspects of life are determined by the vision and strategies adopted by policy makers who draw the framework of such a process. This paper suggests a vision for the required policy in light of the historical and political context of the situation in Palestine. The suggested vision is built on partnership in development. The partnership is among the different sectors in socio-economic life as presented by the welfare mix. The sectors participating in this partnership are: the state (public), the private, the non-governmental (NGOs), and the kinship. That partnership can launch a sustainable human development process that can attain both mentioned simultaneous goals. The paper discusses the potentials of each sector to be active member in this partnership, in addition to the obstacles faced in utilizing these potentials. The paper concludes that this approach is possible despite the difficulties and presents a number of recommendations that help in its successful adoption and implementation.