Quality of Life for patients undergoing Hemodialysis Patients compared with Patients after Renal Transplant: A Cross Sectional Study
جرارعة, راية حسين عبد الرحمن
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Background of the study: Renal transplant is considered the best therapeutic treatment for patients with chronic kidney failure. Its success has positive effects on psychological and physical health of patients as opposed to hemodialysis patients who suffer from a lot of psychological and physical stress in their life. Little research has been done in Palestine to assess the quality of life of both the hemodialysis patients and post renal transplant patients. Objective of the study: This study sought to compare the quality of life of post- renal transplant patients with the quality of life of hemodialysis patients undergoing dialysis at Palestine Medical Complex and An-Najah National University Teaching Hospital. Methodology: To achieve the objective of the study, the researcher used a quantitative cross-sectional study, using quality of life questionnaire which included demographic information. She also concluded face-to-face interviews with 100 post-renal transplant patients and another 272 hemodialysis patients who were undergoing routine dialysis at Palestine Medical Complex and An-Najah National University Teaching Hospital. Findings of the study: After data collection and analysis, it was found that the overall SF-36 among post- renal transplant patients was better than that among hemodialysis patients on all domains save the physical function. The mean difference between the two groups in this domain was 41.79. The PCS for the hemodialysis patients was 45.94 + 13.22 while the MCS was 50+24.39. In contrast, the PCS, for the post- renal transplant patients, was 65.81 + 11.13 while the MCS was 80.31+ 5.53. It was also found that gender, age and level of education played a significant role in the quality of life of both groups of patients. However, place of residence had no effect on the quality of life of the two groups. In the light of these findings, the researcher recommends raising awareness of post- renal transplant patients. She also recommends conducting further research on assessment of the quality of life of hemodialysis patients and post -renal transplant patients and its relationship with other factors.