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Browsing Pharmacy by Author "Dr. Adham Abu Taha"
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- ItemAntimicrobial Utilizing Pattern in a Governmental Hospital in Palestine Measured Using WHO ATC/DDD Methodology(2014) Marina Zeyad Bada; Dr. Adham Abu Taha; Prof. Waleed SwielehBACKGROUND: Increased consumption of antimicrobial agents is related to a worldwide increased in bacterial resistance, increased costs and dispensable effects of drugs on patients. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the pattern of antimicrobial consumption data using WHO ATC/DDD methodology in a governmental hospital in Palestine, and to assess the obstacles for implementing rational use of antimicrobial agents in hospital. METHODS: Antimicrobials consumption in Rafidia hospital was retrieved prospectively. The ATC/ DDD and DU90% methodologies were used. Defined Daily Dose (DDD) per 100 Bed-Days and DDD per 1000 inhabitants per day were calculated for total systemic antimicrobial use and by antimicrobial class. RESULTS: Antimicrobials were administered to 554 patients (55.4%) out of 1000 who were hospitalized in Rafidia hospital over two months period. The total consumption of antimicrobial agents was 1656.1 DDD that corresponding to 70.55 DDD/100 Bed-Days and 3.31 DDD/1000 Inhabitants/ Day. The most highly used antimicrobial were ceftriaxone followed by cefuroxime and metronidazole. The bulk prescription (DU90%) was made up of 8 out of 22 total antimicrobial agents. And the highest rates of antimicrobial use were found in intensive care unit (ICU) 132.64 DDD/100 Bed-Days and surgical department 98.52 DDD/100 Bed-Days. CONCLUSIONS: We found that antimicrobial utilization in Rafidia hospital was relatively high, and there were a high tendency for wide-spectrum antimicrobial utilization such as third-generation cephalosporins, carbapenems and aminoglycosides. This study proved that there is an urgent demand for national antimicrobial stewardship and education programs in infection control and prevention in Palestinian hospitals. Key words: Antibiotic, Consumptions.