Utilization Landfill Gas from ZF Landfill for Electricity Generation

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Snouber, Ahlam Nwaeif
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جامعة النجاح الوطنية
In this research, we have studied the feasibility of using anaerobic digestion technology of Municipality Solid Waste to produce biogas and generate electricity at Zahrat Al-Finjan Landfill in northern Palestine. Solid waste is one of the environmental problems in urban areas of Palestine. Municipal Solid Waste Reduction, Reuse and Recycling (MSW) are technologies for dealing with household solid waste but are not being used effectively in our country. Since MSW is very rich in energy, its use as a renewable energy source is one of the most important economic projects that the Palestinian Authority seeks to implement if its economic viability is proven and the financial resources will be available. The investigation results of energy efficiency and environmental impact of biogas utilization in ZF landfill are satisfactory enough both for electric energy production and for its contribution to greenhouse gas mitigation. This thesis has two main objectives. First, to determine whether active extraction of Zahrat Al- Finjan landfill gas would produce adequate electric power for utilization and grid connection. The second objective is to estimate the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. However, to optimize the designing of a plant fed by biogas, it was very essential to quantify biogas production over several years. This research found that the average biogas production per year at Zahrat Al- Finjan landfill is more than 13 million cubic meters, enough to run 3.9 MW plants, and annual energy production of more than 34 GWh/year, and around 18 thousand tons of CO2 reduction per year.