The Effectiveness of Psychological Treatment of Injection Phobia by using Video gaming and visual distraction among Children: Experimental study

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Shami, Dana
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جامعة النجاح الوطنية
Background Fear of injection or needle phobia is the intense fear of medical procedures involving injections or hypodermic needles, termed trypanophobia. Children suffering from this often debilitating disorder may experience symptoms such as hypertension, rapid heart rate or heart palpitations, and even fainting or injection phobia in children. Aims To evaluate the impact of the psychological treatment onthe levelofinjection phobia among a sample of children from Jenin and Tulkarm cities. It also aimed to measure the level of injection phobia among children referring to the pediatric outpatient clinics. Methods For the current research, experimental design was employed. Two hospitals were chosen in the cities of Jenin and Tulkarm. The clients were seen in the two government hospitals' pediatric outpatient clinics. The research population consisted of all children aged 8-12 years who referred to pediatric clinics. Approximately 50 children from the two hospitals were chosen. An additional 50 children were also injected without using the Psychological techniques; the two groups after the injection procedure were contrasted with the level of anxiety among them. Results The findings showed that the level of injection phobia was moderate in the experimental community after psychological treatment using video gaming and visual distraction, as the mean response to the total score was moderate (3.36). In addition, the levels of injection phobia and blood phobia domains were moderate, as the means of response were (3.35, 3.36) respectively with regard to the control group; the findings showed that the degree of injection phobia was high in the control group without using video games and visual distraction, as the mean response to the total score was high (3.82). Furthermore, as the means of response for the total scoreof injection phobia and blood phobia were (3.84, 3.80) respectively, the level of injection phobia and blood phobia domains were high. The findings showed that there were statistically important variations (p ≤ 0.05)between the experimental and control groups in favor of the experimental group in the overall score of injection phobia and its domains (the lowest means). The results showed that there were statistically significant differences in the total injection phobia score among children between experiments at (p ≤ 0.05).   Conclusion For both sexes and different ages, the fear of needles and injection phobia are challenging and common conditions among children. By using video games and distractions in contrast with conventional therapy, psychological treatment of injection phobia seems to be more successful. Our key findings showed that the use of video games and visual distractions increases the effects of injection phobia reduction.
Injection phobia; Video gaming;Visual distraction.