Framework for the Adoption of Cloud Computing in Palestinian Ministry of Telecommunication and Information Technology
In the Information Technology sector, cloud computing has clearly become a very strong driving force by taking over 90% of global enterprises using the cloud as major part of their business. This study aims to introduce a comprehensive framework for the adoption of Cloud Computing and to determine the influencing factors in Palestinian Ministry of Telecommunication and Information Technology from point of view of employees from the ministry. Depending on two prominent frameworks: TOE framework and Diffusion of innovation framework. The researcher used the quantitative methodology to answer the research questions and test the hypotheses. The questionnaire was delivered to the employees and received from 69 respondents from 75 distributed surveys. In order to evaluate the internal, convergent and discriminant validity of the instrument, validity and reliability tests of panel data were performed. The linear regression analysis was deployed to test the research hypotheses The statistical analysis presents that some factors were rejected and the others were accepted. The supported factors were: Compatibility, Security, Top Management Support, Regulatory Support, Complexity, Trialability, Organization Readiness, and Innovation Level. The rejected factors were: Relative Advantage, Cost, Competitive Advantage, External Support, and Knowledge. Also, a linear regression was used to test the hypotheses and come out with findings, and recommendations to consider when developing a framework to adopt.The major results and findings that Palestinian MTIT encourages and tries to adopt some projects that support the adoption process because the cloud computing helps in replacing enterprise hardware and software with their traditional technology, so the adoption factors must be revised by the ministry and take it in its considerations as a tool to develop the organization and improve its services and IT infrastructure with high quality and low cost, and cooperate the efforts between MTIT and public and private sectors, that complies with its strategy plan to achieve its goals.