Development and planning of the industrial zone in Nablus
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The industrial zones are an important component of the city because of their important role in pushing the national and local economy by encouraging and supporting local industries and preserving them, reducing dependence on imports, self-sufficiency, encouraging exports and encouraging investment in these areas. Since the economic aspect is one of the main pillars of the growth and development of countries, we must maintain the supportive aspects of this pillar. From here, we point to the importance and necessity of industrial areas’ planning and design so that it can perform its task efficiently. The project of Developing and re-planning the industrial area in Nablus city was chosen for this purpose. It aims to study the area, diagnose its current situation, analyze it, define its advantages and disadvantages, and take it as a starting point towards the development and replanning of the area in order to find solutions to the problems that beset it and to maintain its industrial activity and its economic vitality, and thus we can save the industrial position of Nablus city, which has known since ancient times. A methodology was adopted during the work on the project in order to achieve its objective. This methodology was based on the study of the previous researches and studies on the industrial area of Nablus city, conducting personal interviews and field surveys in order to obtain accurate and detailed information and data to diagnose the status quo to the industrial area, analyzing it and defining the most important problems experienced by the region and then starting towards the stage of interventions, which took two directions, one towards the organization, which concerned the organization of the industrial zone with its various elements and the other towards development, which was based on the treatment and improvement of the design status of the area. It is important to mention that these two trends proceed in parallel to produce an industrial zone in accordance with the planning criteria of the industrial zones, thus it will conduct its role in developing the economic pillar efficiently and provide a comfortable and safe working environment for its employees. Two final outputs of the project were achieved, the first one is a structural plan for the industrial zone and its immediate vicinity - by which the interventions have been illustrated - supported by a series of regulations that guarantee the achievement of the plan, and a database of the industrial area with its various elements (buildings, roads, spaces, etc.) was conducted and can be used for different studying purposes of the area. In conclusion, we recommend a completion of a planning guide for industrial zones with standards and bases compatible with our country, which is an important element for the planning and maintenance of industrial areas and unfortunately it is missed in Palestine.